This results of this study don't really surprise me at all. Due dates are not an exact science so there is always a risk with delivering before labor has begun. Of course there are times when the due date is a sure thing such as with fertility treatments or someone who has been charting and knows for sure when they conceived but rarely is it exact. I'd also like to see a study that compares delivering by c-section at 37 or 38 weeks and inductions that happened that early. It would be interesting to see how the vaginal deliveries compared. Breathing problems are more common in c-section babies anyways because coming through the birth canal helps squeeze the fluid from the baby's lungs and this doesn't happen with a c-section so they often need some assistance and more vigorous suctioning. Here's the link to the article.